Amid an HR departments’ many responsibilities, one of the most important is to build the dream team. This is no easy feat, as it requires careful assessment and evaluation of each individual’s strengths and weaknesses — and the ability to bring them all together into one cohesive unit.
The good news is you don’t have to chart an unknown course all by yourself. A high-performing team model can help you build top teams time and time again.
These frameworks facilitate optimized group dynamics and output within organizations. They aid in strategically assigning roles based on members' strengths and skills, clarifying goals, and streamlining communication. By using these tactics, you can create teams that are highly productive, focused, and motivated.
Here are the key ingredients that contribute to the success of high-performing teams, and the strategies you can implement to bring them to life in your organization.
What Is a High-Performing Team?
A high-performing team is a cohesive and collaborative group of individuals within an organization that consistently exceeds expectations, achieves exceptional results, and operates collaboratively to accomplish shared goals. Such teams exhibit several key characteristics that contribute to their exceptional performance, including:
- Communication: Effective communication is the bedrock of high-performing teams. Members openly exchange ideas, feedback, and information, which builds a culture of transparency. Clear communication also helps reduce misunderstandings and resolve conflicts promptly for enhanced overall cohesion.
- Clear and Shared Goals: High-performing teams have a unified sense of purpose. They define and understand their objectives, ensuring that each member comprehends their role and contribution towards the collective goal. This shared focus promotes alignment and minimizes wasted effort.
- Accountability and Autonomy: Team members are accountable for their individual tasks and responsibilities. Simultaneously, they are granted the autonomy to make decisions within their areas of expertise. This balance empowers team members to take ownership, encouraging a sense of responsibility and commitment.
- Recognition and Celebrations: Acknowledging achievements and milestones is crucial for team morale and motivation. High-performing teams recognize individual and collective successes, boosting confidence and reinforcing a sense of accomplishment. Celebrations cultivate a positive environment that encourages continued excellence.
- Supportive Leadership: Effective leaders play a pivotal role in fostering high-performing teams. They provide guidance, facilitate communication, and ensure that resources are available. Supportive leaders also empower team members by valuing their input and removing obstacles.
The impact of high-performing teams on organizational success is profound. Such teams drive innovation by leveraging diverse perspectives and expertise, leading to creative problem-solving and continuous improvement. Their efficiency and effective communication streamline processes, reducing inefficiencies and enhancing productivity.
Organizations benefit from increased adaptability as these teams readily embrace change and respond to challenges. Additionally, high-performing teams serve as role models within the organization, setting standards for collaboration, professionalism, and commitment. This positive influence spreads throughout the workforce, leading to an elevated organizational culture and improved performance across the board.
The Building Blocks of a High-Performing Team
Communication and Collaboration
Effective communication and collaboration are paramount for facilitating high employee morale and promoting team building. These are so foundational, in fact, that 75% of HR managers say collaboration and communication are essential to build a high-performing workplace.
Open communication nurtures trust and belonging. When team members feel their ideas are valued and heard, their morale improves, leading to higher job satisfaction and engagement. And collaboration encourages employees to think and work together—which is essential for streamlining processes, solving complex problems, and innovating. Technology that enables real-time information sharing, remote teamwork, and efficient problem-solving can aid both communication and collaboration in distributed teams.
A shared vision and goals also contribute significantly to employee morale and team effectiveness. When individuals understand how their work aligns with the larger organizational purpose, they feel a sense of meaning and contribution. A unified sense of purpose within the team cultivates a strong bond, driving collective efforts toward a common goal. Aligned goals also prevent conflicts arising from differing priorities and promote collaboration.
A wide array complementary skill sets within a team are crucial for team building and performance. Diversity brings a range of perspectives, enriching discussions and encouraging creativity. And mixing distinct skills ensures that team members cover a broad spectrum of expertise, enhancing problem-solving efforts and reducing skill gaps. Recognizing and leveraging these skills not only improves team performance but also builds a culture of mutual respect and collaboration.
5 Types of Team Effectiveness Models
- High-Performing Team Model by Pat MacMillan (Performance Factor)
The High-Performing Team Model, proposed by Pat MacMillan, centers around a range of performance factors that are integral to cultivating high-performing teams. It underscores essential concepts such as establishing clear objectives, facilitating open and transparent communication, making effective decisions, and upholding an unwavering dedication to ongoing enhancement.
MacMillan highlights the paramount importance of shared values, individual accountability, and a results-driven ethos within the team context. By prioritizing performance-based outcomes, the model ensures that teams operating within its framework are capable of propelling efficiency, stimulating innovation, and generating results that directly contribute to the realization of the broader organizational mission.
- GRPI Model of Team Effectiveness
The GRPI Model of Team Effectiveness deconstructs team performance into four essential elements: Goals, Roles, Processes, and Interpersonal Relationships (GRPI). Clear objectives guide the team's direction, while well-defined responsibilities allocate tasks effectively. Efficient workflows streamline processes, and strong communication and collaboration foster healthy interpersonal relationships, collectively shaping a cohesive and functional team.
Applying the GRPI Model involves optimizing each component for improved team dynamics. Teams can cultivate greater effectiveness by setting precise and measurable goals, clarifying roles and responsibilities, streamlining workflows for efficiency, and nurturing an environment of open communication and positive collaboration. These practices collectively contribute to boosting teamwork and overall team success.
- The T7 Model of Team Effectiveness
The T7 Model of Team Effectiveness introduces a comprehensive framework comprising seven pivotal factors that collectively shape the efficacy of teams. These seven factors include:
- Team identity, cultivating a sense of belonging
- Communication, encouraging open and productive exchange
- Resources, ensuring access to suitable tools and support
- Team efficacy, nurturing confidence and competence
- Innovation, promoting inventive problem-solving
- External support, providing organizational backing
- Principles, establishing shared values and norms.
Teams can optimize their effectiveness by strategically harnessing these elements. This includes fostering a robust team identity, cultivating transparent and open lines of communication, providing the essential resources for task execution, boosting team members' self-assurance, encouraging creative innovation, seeking support from the larger organization, and upholding shared principles and values. A harmonious balance of these factors ultimately amplifies the overall effectiveness of teams in accomplishing their objectives.
- The Tuckman Model (Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing, Adjourning)
The Tuckman Model delineates a five-stage progression of team development: forming, storming, norming, performing, and adjourning.
At the outset, teams undergo the forming stage, characterized by orientation and initial introductions. This is followed by the storming phase, wherein conflicts may arise as members assert themselves and differing opinions emerge. The norming stage follows, involving consensus-building and the establishment of cohesive norms. As the team matures, the performing phase is marked by a collective focus on task accomplishment and heightened productivity. Lastly, teams reach the adjourning stage upon task completion, and here they reflect on their achievements.
Successfully navigating each stage entails strategies tailored to that phase. The forming stage benefits from encouraging team member introductions and setting initial guidelines. Storming requires addressing conflicts constructively, while norming thrives on building shared norms. The performing phase emphasizes goal-oriented collaboration, and in the adjourning stage, accomplishments are recognized. By engaging with and managing the unique challenges of each stage, teams can manage their development effectively.
- The Google Model
Google's approach underscores several fundamental elements essential for cultivating high-performing teams, including psychological safety, dependability, structural clarity, meaningfulness, and a shared sense of purpose. By emphasizing these components, Google fosters an environment wherein team members are encouraged to take calculated risks and make substantial contributions. This approach encourages innovation and collaboration.
From the Google model, other organizations can derive valuable best practices. By nurturing an inclusive workplace culture that values diverse viewpoints, organizations can harness a broader range of insights and experiences. Clear delineation of roles and expectations enhances teamwork and accountability, and emphasizing the intrinsic significance of tasks and projects heightens employee engagement and satisfaction. In this manner, Google's model offers actionable strategies for creating a thriving work environment and achieving team excellence.
Implementing a High-Performing Team Model into Your Organization
Implementing a team effectiveness model requires a systematic approach that involves assessing current performance, providing leadership and team development, and creating a culture of trust and psychological safety. The following steps can help smooth the implementation process and ensure that everyone is on the same page.
- Assess Current Team Performance
- Utilize Team Effectiveness Models: Choose an appropriate team effectiveness model (e.g., Tuckman Model, T7 Model, or GRPI Model) to evaluate your team's strengths and areas for improvement.
- Gather Feedback and Data: Conduct surveys, interviews, and assessments to collect insights from team members regarding communication, collaboration, goal alignment, and overall satisfaction.
- Measure Performance Metrics: Use quantifiable metrics to evaluate team productivity and outcomes. Compare these metrics against industry benchmarks if available.
- Provide Leadership and Team Development
- Leadership's Role: Leaders play a pivotal role in shaping team performance. They should provide clear direction, set expectations, and communicate the organization's vision and goals.
- Invest in Training: Offer training programs that enhance team members' skills, communication, conflict resolution, and leadership abilities. Leadership development programs also empower managers to guide teams effectively.
- Build a Culture of Trust and Psychological Safety
- Importance of Trust: Trust is the foundation of strong team dynamics. Establish trust by demonstrating transparency and consistency in decision-making and communication.
- Psychological Safety: Encourage an environment where team members feel safe expressing ideas, concerns, and opinions without fear of retribution. This promotes risk-taking and innovative thinking.
- Open Communication: Establish channels for open dialogue and active listening. Address conflicts promptly and encourage constructive feedback to create an atmosphere of mutual respect.
Overcoming the Challenges of Building High-Performing Teams
High-performing teams are great! But there’s a reason not all teams are high-performers: building them isn’t always easy. Understanding the action steps that move teams past challenges can help your teams be successful.
Managing Conflicts and Disagreements
Prioritize constructive conflict resolution by addressing conflicts openly and promptly, focusing on issues rather than personal attacks. Encourage active listening, allowing all perspectives to be heard. It can also be helpful to implement mediation techniques when necessary, aiming for win-win resolutions that satisfy all parties involved.
Emotional intelligence plays a crucial role in conflict management. Leaders and team members should develop self-awareness to understand their own emotions and triggers, as well as empathy to comprehend the feelings of others. This enables more effective communication and reduces the escalation of conflicts.
Nurturing Team Resilience and Adaptability
Promote a growth mindset within the team and emphasize that setbacks are opportunities for learning and growth. This will nurture a resilient team that views setbacks as opportunities instead of failures. Encourage team members to reflect on challenges, identify lessons learned, and adapt strategies for future endeavors.
Support team members as they develop an agile mindset that welcomes change and embraces flexibility. Train teams to react swiftly to evolving circumstances and pivot if necessary. Allow opportunities for experimentation and provide the autonomy to make decisions in response to changing conditions.
Recognizing and Rewarding High-Performing Teams
Recognition is a crucial aspect of employee engagement, and you can help by offering incentives that align with team goals and individual motivations. These could include bonuses, promotions, professional development opportunities, or additional responsibilities. Recognize the importance of intrinsic rewards such as meaningful work and career growth.
Regularly acknowledge team accomplishments and milestones and celebrate successes through team gatherings, public recognition, and personalized appreciation to show that your organization values the contributions of each team. Creating a culture of celebration not only boosts morale but also reinforces the value of teamwork and commitment.
Empower High-Performing Teams with Gympass
High-performing teams bring a multitude of benefits to your company. They foster employee engagement and drive organizational success. Purpose, camaraderie, and support create a sense of unity, fueling job satisfaction and motivation. Effective collaboration and problem-solving give rise to enhanced productivity, innovation, and overall outcomes.
Moreover, high-performing teams foster positive dynamics and shared achievements, cultivating a healthier work environment. This reduces stress and promotes employee wellness. When individuals feel valued, supported, and challenged within such teams, their overall wellbeing flourishes. This creates a harmonious cycle where employee engagement and wellness mutually reinforce each other.
Offering wellness programs can help your employees improve themselves in and out of the office: 90% of companies that measure their wellness program’s return see a positive ROI. Talk to a Gympass wellbeing specialist to learn more about how our wellness platform can help you improve employee performance!
- Cision. (2020, October 29). 5 Trends Shaping the Future of Performance Management; A PeopleStrong Survey Report. Retrieved August 24, 2023 from https://www.prnewswire.com/in/news-releases/5-trends-shaping-the-future-of-performance-management-a-peoplestrong-survey-report-859882138.html.
The Gympass Editorial Team empowers HR leaders to support worker wellbeing. Our original research, trend analyses, and helpful how-tos provide the tools they need to improve workforce wellness in today's fast-shifting professional landscape.